TCS成果分享

論文名稱: 政治容忍的穩定與變遷
Stability and Change in Political Tolerance
作者: 黃秀端  Shiow-duan Hawang
出處: 台灣的社會變遷1985~2005:傳播與政治行為
出版年: 2013
卷期:
頁數: 241-282
關鍵字(中): 政治容忍、政治權利、目標團體、內容控制測量
關鍵字(英): political tolerance, political rights, target group, content-controlled measure
摘要(中): 隨著民主化的發展,台灣民眾的政治容忍是否因此而提升?不同民眾對目標團體的選擇是否有差異?是否因時代有所轉變?此外,何種因素影響民眾政治容忍度?本文對政治容忍的測量採取Sullivan等人的內容控制測量,先詢問民眾危害社會最大的是哪一種主張的人,再問是否願意給他們各種權利。比較1992年與1998年之資料,發現民眾政治不容忍並未因逐漸民主化而降低,主張共產主義的人在兩次調查中都是最高的目標團體,也是民眾最不能容忍的對象。但是,民眾對主張台獨者與統一者之看法有轉變。再者,性別、年齡、省籍、教育、政黨喜歡度、統獨立場與目標團體的選擇呈現顯著的關係。教育、民主價值、政黨喜歡度、目標團體在1992年與1998年皆會影響民眾之政治容忍;性別、年齡、參與團體則無顯著相關。一般認為社會經常有不同意見的討論,民眾的態度將會逐漸容忍。借用台灣選舉與民主化調查之資料,發現近年來儘管政黨對立,但是在開放社會下,大家對敵對團體的容忍逐漸提升。
摘要(英): As Taiwan become more democratized, did the political tolerances of the public increase? Did different characteristics of the public have different target groups? Did people change their views of target groups? In addition, what factors influenced the attitude of political tolerance? Were those factors stable enough? This paper used Sullivan's content-controlled measure to test the concept of political tolerance. We provided respondents with a list of potentially unpopular groups, and asked them to choose the most dangerous group in this society. Then respondents were further asked whether they agreed or disagreed with giving that group a list of political rights. Comparing the data from 1992 and 1998, we found that the rate of political tolerance did not increase as Taiwan became more democratic. In both years, communists were the least liked group. But, the public had changed its view toward the group of independent promoters and unification advocates. Different groups of people chose different target groups. With regard to the factors influencing the attitude of political tolerance, this paper found that education, democratic values, party preference, position toward unification and independence, and target groups were all significantly related with political tolerance, but no sex, age, or group participation. This paper further used 2003 and 2004 TEDs data; we found that in more open societies, the public was more willing to give opposition groups political rights.

會員登入 Login

更新圖中文字

新會員 New Member

欲加入會員者,請先完成註冊程序。